project organisation

Project Organisation

image002WP1: Project management and communication

WP2: Co-Innovation dynamics

WP3: Ecosystems modeling toolkit

WP4: Regional drivers of livelihood development

WP5: Farm scale determinants of livelihoods

WP5.1: Management strategies
WP5.2: Production systems and agro-resource use
WP5.3: Natural resource use

WP6: Dissemination

Workpackage Structure

Program activities within EULACIAS are organized into Workpackages (WPS). These WPS address key themes and/or transfer knowledge among WP to generate integrated analyses on co-innovation. This matrix structure is shown in the figure below. Where rows and columns cross, information is transferred between thematic and integrating WPS. Each WP features a methodological framework, which has been designed to ensure optimal transfer of information among interacting WPS. In each case study this structure is implemented by local teams of senior and junior researchers complemented by appropriate project partners and local stakeholders. Evaluation of developments across cases is being emphasized thus creating a unique synergy stemming from collective learning experiences.

WP1: Project management and communication

Leader: Dr W.A.H. Rossing, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Workpackage 1 is responsible for overall scientific coordination of activities in the workpackages and steering of project activities towards the deliverables. Furthermore, WP1 is responsible for administration, financial management and reporting to the European Commission and safeguarding of joint ownership of project activities and products.

Specific objectives are:

O1.1 To ensure achievement of the envisaged results and reporting to EU within an optimal timeframe and to guarantee joint ownership by researchers and a wide range of stakeholders.

O1.2 To co-ordinate administration of all WPs and provide support for management activities such as recruitment and financial reporting.

O1.3 To establish inter-linkages and facilitate information flows between the thematic workpackages WP4 and WP5 and the integrative workpackages WP2, WP3 and WP6.

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WP2: Co-Innovation dynamicsWP2: Co-Innovation dynamics

Leader: Dr. M. Lundy, CIAT, Colombia

Workpackage 2 is responsible for the design, implementation and elaboration of the communication and activities that constitute the basis for co-innovation in the case study areas. This approach will include two main components. The first component will design the co-innovation process in terms of various tasks of joint learning by scientists, farmers and other relevant actors. The second component will perform a comparative analysis across the three case studies to sort out generic (extrapolatable) and location-specific features of the co-innovations approaches and processes. The comparative analysis will demonstrate where co-innovation approaches worked and where they did not, provide reasons for success or failure, and guidelines for an efficient implementation of co-innovation approaches.

Specific objectives are:

O2.1 To develop a generic approach for co-innovation of farm livelihoods by farmers, advisors, local policy makers and scientists, which includes process monitoring capabilities and progress indicators.

O2.2 To use the approach to match, guide and monitor the co-innovation process in each of the case study regions.

O2.3 To evaluate efficiencies and trade-offs of different co-innovation designs.

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WP3: Ecosystems modeling toolkit

Leader: Dr W.A.H. Rossing, WU, The Netherlands

Workpackage 3 is responsible for creating a framework that combines data storage, farming systems modelling and visualization. Data from WP4 and WP5 will be used to feed the farming systems models that explore and assess alternative farm configurations under different scenarios. The part of the framework for farming systems modeling comprises a set of existing simulation models for calculating balances of economics and labour, crop and animal production, soil water, plant nutrients, organic matter and soil borne pest populations, and erosion. The Ecosystem modeling toolkit provides the facility to combine the modules in different ways, to answer questions that emerge as part of the co-innovation processes. The toolkit will enable what-if simulations to reveal consequences of different livelihood strategies and under different regional scenarios, and benchmarking, i.e. comparison of observed livelihood performance with calculated performance that is ‘optimal’ with respect to certain objectives to reveal technical inefficiencies for discussion.

Specific objectives are:

O3.1 To develop a framework for data storage, integrated simulation, optimization and visualization of the impact of mixed and specialized crop/livestock systems in Latin America on income generation and resource use, which includes balances of labour and economics, soil water, plant nutrients, organic matter and soil borne pest populations, and erosion.

O3.2 To use the framework to explore consequences of different scenarios on policy intervention and economic and demographic development for farm livelihoods and resource use.

O3.3 To use the framework to explore and monitor consequences of innovative changes in existing farming systems for income generation and resource use as part of a co-innovation approach.

O3.4 To enable access to the framework for application in analysis, internal and external training and to provide training to project partners.

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WP4: Regional drivers of livelihood development

Leader: Prof. L. Omodei Zorini, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Workpackage 4 is responsible for providing a comprehensive overview and analysis of major biophysical, demographic and socio-economic factors at the regional scale that influence livelihood development in each of the case studies. Climate and soils determine crop and livestock production potentials, prices of labour, agricultural produce and agro-inputs are driven by demographic dynamics together with the socio-economic (policy and institutional) context. This ensemble of factors at the regional scale provides the setting to which livelihoods have to adjust. Such adjustment will in part be determined by the way a farmer perceives this setting and is therefore of importance in co-innovation processes. The role of WP4 is to collate existing information by accessing regional and national statistical data, official and ‘grey’ literature, and expert opinion in each of the case study areas. Historic policy interventions in the case study areas will be categorized in a policy intervention typology.

Specific objectives are:

O4.1 To identify major drivers of farm livelihoods based on analysis of demographic, policy, institutional and economic developments and biophysical conditions, and assess their impact on price/availability patterns of farm inputs, farm products and labour for each of the case study areas.

O4.2 To provide scenarios of combinations of major drivers suitable for identifying recommendations on regional governance and farm resource allocation, for each of the case study areas.

O4.3 To provide information for discussion of alternative policy interventions and institutional arrangements with actors in the case study areas.

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WP5.1: Management strategies

Leader: Dr G.C. Pacini, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Workpackage 5.1 is responsible for providing an inventory of livelihood resources (labour, education level, and capital goods), prices and costs, livelihood strategies including off-farm sources of income, and perceptions of farmers related to innovation. Data are obtained from existing references, but predominantly by on-farm surveys and closed interviews with farmers and extension agents. Results are collated in the databases of WP3. The workpackage will develop a module for use in the Ecosystem modelling toolkit to evaluate the economic performance of livelihoods.

Specific objectives are:

O5.1.1 To provide an inventory and longitudinal analysis of socio-economic characteristics at the farm livelihood scale for each of the case study areas.

O5.1.2 To provide information for discussion and validation of the farm typologies and socio-economic scenarios with actors in each of the case study areas.

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WP5.2: Production systems and agro-resource use

Leader: Dr S. Dogliotti, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay

Workpackage 5.2 is responsible for providing an inventory of biophysical production conditions, existing crops, crop successions including green manure crops, and livestock systems along with their management for the farms in each case study. Crop and livestock management will be characterized in terms of labour and other inputs. Data are obtained from existing references, but predominantly by on-farm surveys and closed interviews with farmers and extension agents.

The workpackage is further responsible for constructing for each case study a farm typology by combining socio-economic and bio-physical criteria. This task involves combining data from WP4 at the regional scale with socio-economic (WP5.1) and bio-technical (WP5.2 and WP5.3) farm scale data. The farm typologies will be based on statistical analysis, or, where data are insufficient, on qualitative assessment.

The workpackage will evaluate existing production models with available local data, relevant to the biophysical conditions in the case study regions. The models address water limited production in cropping systems and livestock production including manure quantity and quality, including current activities in the case study areas and alternative activities, to enable the Ecosystem toolkit to create promising alternatives to the current systems and evaluate their impact on production, soil water balances and soil quality at field and farm scales.

Specific objectives are:

O5.2.1 To provide farm and field scale data on biophysical production conditions and cropping and livestock systems, their prevalence and management for each case study area.

O5.2.2 To provide data and tested modules for calculating the impact of alternative crop management and livestock feeding strategies on production and agro-resource use in the case study areas.

O5.2.3 To provide a farm typology for each of the case study areas suitable for evaluation of consequences of alternative livelihood strategies for income generation and resource use by farm types.

O5.2.4 To support discussion on the impact of crop management and livestock feeding strategies on production and agro – resource use with actors in the case study areas.

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WP5.3: Natural resource use

Leader: Dr E.D. Cittadini, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Chubut, Argentina

Workpackage 5.3 is responsible for an inventory of ecological infrastructure (i.e. layout of non-productive, natural elements on farms), soil status in terms of soil nutrients, soil organic matter, soil borne pests and erosion status for the case study farms. Data will be obtained from existing references, but predominantly by on-farm surveys and closed interviews with farmers and extension agents.

The workpackage will evaluate existing resource use models addressing dynamics of plant nutrient and soil organic matter including C-sequestration, erosion and balances of soil borne pest populations. Existing data from the case study areas will be used. Effects of ecological infrastructure on pest suppression will be assessed based on published expert rules. Key system aspects thus calculated comprise natural pest control and soil quality at short and long time scales. The models will be used in the Ecosystem modelling toolkit (WP3).

Specific objectives are:

O5.3.1 To provide farm and field scale data on ecological infrastructure and soil quality, including plant nutrients and soil organic matter dynamics, erosion and balances of soil borne pest populations for each case study area.

O5.3.2 To provide data and tested modules for calculating the impact of alternative crop management and livestock feeding strategies on ecological infrastructure and soil quality in the case study areas.

O5.3.3 To support discussion on the impact of crop management and livestock feeding strategies on natural resource use with actors in the case study areas.

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WP6: Dissemination

Leader: Dr S. Dogliotti, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay

Workpackage 6 is responsible for internal and external proliferation of project achievements and insights.

Specific objectives are:

O6.1 To promote the general use of the co-innovation approach for ecosystems management by the research community and stakeholders.

O6.2 To achieve publicity and transfer of research findings to the research community in Latin America.

O6.3 To develop educational material for use at MSc and PhD level at universities in Latin America.

O6.4 To coordinate electronic publicity: three-monthly newsletter and web site.

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